Project Description


  • Dog Breed Group: Companion Dogs

  • Scientific Name: Canis lupus familiaris

  • Recommended for:  Families and singles

  • Maintenance Level: Medium

  • Life Span: 12 – 16 Years

  • Height: 13-28 cm
  • Weight: Up to 4 kg

  • Temperament: Independent, Friendly

  • HypoallergenicNo

  • Colors: white, orange

General Health
Exercise Needs

Pomeranian Breed Overview

The Pomeranian is Spitz type, a small dog named after a region in Pomerania in Poland and Germany. This particular breed is one of the most popular ones in the United States. They are referred as Pompom. They are known for long, soft fur that comes in various colours such as:

  • White
  • Black
  • Orange

It is widely known that Queen Victoria had small Pomeranian and that is the main reason why it was so popular back then. They are very friendly, active, intelligent and playful. However, they are also assertive and alert dogs, which mean that they will often bark at new people, animals, and environments. That can develop into a habit, which meant that you have to control it.

Their size can go up to 28 cm in height, and 4 kg in weight.

Their lifespan is approximately 16 years, but if it is healthy and well-bred and exercised they can live longer.

  • Suitability for Children – Medium
  • Tendency to Bark – High
  • Energy – Medium
  • Suitability as a Guard Dog – High
  • Grooming Requirements –  Once a Week
  • Trimming Required – Occassional
  • Amount of hair shed –  Little
  • Food Cost –  upto $5
  • Average Monthly Pet insurance Premium – $44

Origins of Pomeranian

The Pomeranian descended from Spitz dogs from Arctic Region. It is named after a region, even though it is not their place of origin. They can be traced back to ancient Egypt, through drawings in tombs, Greece and China.

King George II and Queen Charlotte brought two Pomeranians to England in the middle of 18th century.

Pomeranian Temperament

The Pomeranians are extroverted, proud and lively dogs that are eager to be loyal, to learn and to be affectionate. They are more independent than other breeds and also very curious and alert.

It gets along well with other pets and dogs; however, it can start barking around strangers. The Pomeranians are great watchdogs.

Common Pomeranian Conditions and Diseases

Cryptorchidism – A most common issue among Pomeranians is cryptorchidism, which means that testicles won’t descend. That can be fixed through retained or entire removal of testicles.

They can also suffer reproductive and cardiac issues. That is the reason you should visit a vet frequently. Don’t forget to get Dog Insurance for Pomeranian in case of some problem or issue.

Interesting Facts

  • They come in all colours that you can imagine and every single one is unique.
  • Pomeranians have a pubescent phase where they grew out from puppy body, but they still are an adult.

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Pomeranian Club of NSW

More photos of Pomeranian