As with human vaccines, dog vaccinations are designed to prevent your dog from becoming sick. Vaccinations provide limited or permanent immunity from infectious and deadly diseases that can affect your dog’s quality of life, and your human family’s health as well.
Vaccines are effective because they contain infectious agents designed to mimic microorganisms that cause diseases. Once injected into the body, the agent stimulates the dog’s immune system. The puppy’s body sees the agent as a threat, attacks it, and then remembers it so it can fight the disease off in the future if exposed to it.
It can take around seven days for a puppy’s body to respond to a vaccine and develop immunity, and it is best to have your dog vaccinated when she is healthy. A sick puppy’s immune system is compromised and less effective in developing immunity to microorganisms. Vaccines are not cures for diseases, but a means to prevent them.
Once you have your puppy vaccinated, you will need to keep her vaccinations updated. That way, your puppy will remain healthy as she grows and develops into an adult. As such, you should take your puppy to a veterinarian for a yearly checkup and to begin and then retain a vaccination program. The types and number of vaccinations your dog will receive depend on the puppy’s age, habits, environment, medical background, and lifestyle.