Koolies are known to be high-energy, fun-loving, and outgoing dogs. As much as they make excellent companions and family pets they thrive outdoors making apartment living quite constricting for them. They require regular exercise to use up pent-up energy which if not utilised can turn destructive. If leaving in the suburbs, daily walks are a general requirement. This not only good destruction but also helps to keep them healthy and strong.
Koolies are usually kept as working dogs. Due to their herding tendency, they are better suited for the countryside where they have access to vast space to run and herd livestock. However, in the big cities and suburbs owners should always keep them on a leash while outdoors as they have no road sense and can easily be run over. The compound should also have a high fence to prevent escaping or jumping over.
On the other hand, this breed of dogs can turn destructive when left alone for long periods. They enjoy the company of their owners. Due to their predisposition to separation anxiety, Koolies are not suitable for people with long working hours unless pet sitting services are procured. This mostly applies to those living in the city and suburbs. Crate training may not work in such situations due to their high stamina and need for open space to run, sniff and explore.
In terms of train-ability, Koolies are known to be intelligent, eager to please their owners and have a strong work ethic. This makes them easily trainable. They respond to positive reinforcement and firm leadership from the trainer. However, training sessions should be kept short and interesting to prevent them from getting bored. Just like other breeds of dogs, they too need to be socialised in their early years for easy interaction with other animals as well as humans. For those planning to keep them as pets, obedience training is also a good option to explore.
Koolies are also known for their strong herding instincts especially when among other pets. Leash training should be initiated promptly before being taken outdoors or at an early age especially for those living in urban areas to avoid embarrassing moments while out.
Due to their propensity to turn destructive or anxious when left alone, Koolies thrive better in homes where there is constant companionship. They are best suited for farmers, people working from home, families or couples that spend time at home, pet owners with active lifestyles or love the outdoors (hiking, camping), or those who can take their pets to work.
In terms of feeding, Koolies being such high energy and active dogs a good diet is essential to keep them healthy and strong. Considering their size, a working breed formula for medium-sized dogs is best suited for them.
However, pet owners should regulate feeding portions to avoid cases of obesity. Food rich in proteins and carbohydrates is highly recommended to meet their high energy requirements and to maintain muscle growth and repair. Approximately 2.5 to 3 cups of good quality dry food divided into 2 meals daily is sufficient for their daily calorie intake. Supplementing with vegetables and fish oils can also help them get essential minerals, vitamins, and trace elements.
A good diet accompanied by ample daily exercise and regular check-ups with the veterinarian has been shown to extend their lifespan greatly.