Cavoodle Breed Overview
The Cavoodle (also called the Kavoodle or Cavapoo) is a hybrid cross between a Miniature Poodle and a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. This breed has become the most popular small breed dog over the last decade in Australia, so much so that Australian breeders have had to increase breeding numbers to meet the high demand for these little designer dogs. It’s no wonder, as aside from their adorability, the Cavoodle is a dog who tops the charts when it comes to companionship, love, and loyalty.
The gentle, sweet Cavoodle is an ideal dog for the single owner or families with children of any age. With the intelligence of the Miniature Poodle and the pleasant nature of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, the Cavoodle is a smart dog who responds positively to training. Although this hybrid is prone to certain medical conditions, the crossbreeding involved with the Cavoodle means that this dog is typically healthier than his purebred parents.
They come in various colours such as:
Cavoodle Puppy price is around $4000 in Australia
Cavoodle can vary in weight and size and everything depends on breeding. Generally speaking a fully grown Cavoodle can reach 35 cm in height and 12 kg in weight.
Their life expectancy is approximately 14 years.
- Suitability for Children – High
- Tendency to Bark – High
- Energy – High
- Suitability as a Guard Dog – Medium
- Grooming Requirements – Once a Week
- Trimming Required – Regular
- Amount of hair shed – None
- Food Cost – $5 to $ 10
- Average Monthly Pet insurance Premium – $44
Cavoodles are small hybrid dogs who typically weigh in around 5 – 12kg and are roughly between 25 – 38cm, although the height is dependent on which parent, the Miniature Poodle or Spaniel, the dog takes after. As a mixed breed, the Cavoodle is in a lower risk pool for developing significant health issues, although some do occasionally occur in the breed. Generally, with proper care, nutrition, and regular veterinary examinations, a Cavoodle can live anywhere from 10 – 14 years old.
General Exercise and Care
The Cavoodle may be small, but there is high energy in that tiny canine package. Thankfully, about 30 – 60 minutes of daily exercise will make your Cavoodle a happy and tired dog by the end of the day. Cavoodles enjoy a short brisk walk with their owners and occasional trips to the dog park for some canine socialization. This breed can easily be trained to fetch, so even some time in the backyard interacting with you is enough to keep this small breed’s tail wagging. After exercising, this lovable companion will be more than content to flop down on the couch next to you to relax. This breed’s adaptability makes him a perfect fit for any lifestyle.
Due to his high level of intelligence, the Cavoodle is relatively easy to train. The Cavoodle thrives on positive, interactive training methods. Positive, reward-based training techniques combined with upbeat verbal reinforcement will resonate most with this breed. Socialization is also key to raising a well-rounded Cavoodle, so interaction with other people, dogs, and animals is vital. A well-trained and socialized Cavoodle will be welcome anywhere he goes.
Aside from exercise and training, your Cavoodle also needs his immediate health care wants addressed regularly. Basic canine health care includes checking his ears, brushing his teeth, and trimming his toenails. Check your Cavoodle’s ears weekly for any redness, itchiness, dirt, wax, or bad odours as these may be signs of infection. The ears should be cleaned with a pH-balanced gentle cleanser to prevent infections from occurring. Canine oral diseases can lead to heart problems later in life, so gently brushing your Cavoodle’s teeth two to three times a week is important to his well-being. The dog’s toenails should be trimmed at least once a month unless he is outside frequently enough that the nails wear down on their own.
Origins of Cavoodle
Because the Cavoodle is a newer hybrid, the breed’s history is not a lengthy one. A crossbreed of a Miniature Poodle and a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, the Cavoodle was first created in American in the 1950s. The breed then made its way to the United Kingdom and eventually to Australia where it quickly became a beloved canine. The original purpose of this hybrid breed was the creation of a low-shedding, hypoallergenic dog breed as both the Poodle and Cavalier Spaniel have a lower propensity for causing allergies in their owners. To that end, the crossbreed has been successful, but to the delight of anyone who has owned a Cavoodle, the creation of this breed also meant the creation of a happy-go-lucky, loving companion.
In the 1990s, Australian breeders began to breed Cavoodles, and the hybrid breed was soon recognized and registered with societies and clubs for crossbred dogs. Although both Toy and Miniature Poodles can be used for creating Cavapoos, reputable and responsible breeders will use the MIniature Poodle as it is less prone to hereditary diseases and illnesses.
The Cavoodle crossbreed is still a work in progress, but the creation of a canine who is incredibly beautiful, loving, and intelligent is bound to keep this breed popular for years to come.
Lively and affectionate, the Cavoodle is a delightful dog who loves to be part of the family and involved in daily activities. Their loyalty and devotion to their owners are the qualities most cherished about the breed. The Cavoodle’s attachment to his family can be problematic for owners who are not home often to interact with the dog. Because Cavoodles need to be around their families frequently, they can suffer from separation anxiety or engage in unwanted behaviors, such as constant barking, howling, and crying, if they are left alone for long periods.
The Cavoodle is a sensitive breed that bonds with his owner and is often on hand to cuddle and support you when you need it. This breed is non-aggressive, eager to please, and gets along with everyone, young and old. The breed’s adaptability means that they are at home in most environments, and their small size makes them ideal for apartments.
Coat and Grooming
The Cavoodle is often described as a fuzzy-faced teddy bear. As a hybrid breed, the Cavoodle’s coat type is dependent on which parent, the Poodle or the Cavalier, that the dog genetically takes after the most. The three coat types are wiry, fleece, and wool. Most Cavoodles have a wavy or curly coat which can grow long unless professionally trimmed; therefore, it is a coat that requires some high maintenance. The coat should be brushed at least once weekly otherwise knots, mats, and tangles can develop, particularly in the areas around the armpits and the collar.
Cavoodles can come in a variety of coat colors. The most common colors are white, black, gold, tricolor (black, white, tan) and Blenheim (chestnut and white).
For families or owners with allergies, the Cavoodle is a perfect breed to have in the home. The Cavoodle is a hypoallergenic dog, meaning he sheds minimally and therefore can be tolerated by some people with allergies. Cavoodles with wiry coats are more likely to shed than those with fleece or wool coats.
Children and Other Pets
It is hard to imagine a better dog for families than a Cavoodle. This breed’s gentle nature and sunny disposition make him ideal for families with children of any age. The Cavoodle is just as happy to romp outside with children as he is curling up alongside them as they do their schoolwork. Both devoted and outgoing, the Cavoodle is dependable with small children and playful with older children.
Cavoodles get along quite well with other dogs and pets in the household. Early training and socialization can make this process faster.. The breed is typically sociable with other dogs and comfortably cohabitates with other pets like cats.
Common Cavoodle Conditions and Diseases
Although healthier than many purebred dogs, the Cavoodle is susceptible to some medical conditions and illnesses that an owner should know about. Should you purchase a Cavoodle puppy from a breeder, do some research and be sure the breeder is reputable. A reliable and honest breeder will have the puppy’s best interests in mind and should have all health clearances for the puppy and his parents on hand for your inspection. That paperwork proves that the sire and dam have been tested for and cleared of serious, genetic diseases.
As a hybrid dog, the Cavoodle is less likely to develop genetic illnesses; however, it is still possible for a Cavoodle to suffer from any of the following conditions during her life:
Hip Dysplasia is a genetic disease that often begins when the Cavoodle is a puppy, but surfaces after the dog is an adult. With hip dysplasia, the dog’s thigh bone does not fit correctly into the hip joint. After years of walking and running, a Cavoodle with hip dysplasia will develop any of the following symptoms: hind end weakness, limping, lameness, and reluctance or difficulty getting up and down stairs or in and out of a car. A Cavoodle with hip dysplasia is likely to develop degenerative joint disease and osteoarthritis, two conditions that will negatively impact your dog’s quality of life. Hip dysplasia can be managed with weight management programs, dietary supplements, corticosteroids, pain medication, physical therapy, and non-impact exercise such as swimming.
Epilepsyimpacts some Cavoodles who genetically take after the Miniature Poodle side of their heritage. Cavoodles with epilepsy typically have what is called idiopathic epilepsy, meaning there is no known cause of this condition in the dog. Epilepsy is a seizure disorder wherein abnormal electrical activity occurs in the brain. The seizures range from mild to severe and grand mal events. As frightening as it is to witness your dog having a seizure, this lifelong condition can be managed by your veterinarian through prescribed medications.
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) is an inherited disease of the retina where the rod cells in the retina are programmed to die off. This condition is a painless process that co-occurs in both of the Cavoodle’s eyes. The rod cells are responsible for night vision in dogs, and many Cavoodles who develop this disease lose their night vision early on in the disease’s progress throughout the eyes. As PRA advances, all light levels in the dog’s eyes are impacted, and if within a year of the disease’s progression the Cavoodle is not on a specific antioxidant supplementation daily, he will become blind. There is no cure for PDA, but proper supplementation can boost the health of the retina and delay blindness.
Degenerative Mitral Valve Disease is a genetic condition that a Cavoodle can inherit from the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel side of his family. Mitral valve disease is a serious and progressive heart condition caused by the deterioration of at least one heart valve. Most Cavoodles with this disease will show signs of it by 10 years of age. This disease can severely impact a Cavoodle’s quality of life as it causes respiratory difficulties and extreme discomfort due to chronic coughing and breathlessness. Eventually, a Cavoodle with mitral valve disease will die of heart failure.
Syringomyelia, or the “neck scratcher’s disease,” is a dangerous condition where fluid-filled cavities develop in the spinal cord, close to the dog’s brain. This disease causes a Cavoodle to scratch at empty air near its neck, hence the illnesses’ nickname. The syringomyelia cavities are believed to be formed from a secondary condition called Chiari-like Malformation where the dog’s brain is too big for its skull. The result is a partial blockage of cerebrospinal fluid down the spinal cord. The pressure created by this blockage causes the syringomyelia fluid-filled cavities to form.
Symptoms are discovered early in puppyhood and vary widely from hypersensitivity around the head and neck to screaming with pain at being touched on the head, neck, or shoulders. As the disease progresses, it destroys parts of the dog’s spinal cord, causing the dog constant pain as well as difficulty sleeping and eating without the head held high. Walking becomes extremely difficult, and some dogs become partially or wholly paralyzed. Treatment for syringomyelia is limited and dependent upon whether the Cavoodle shows symptoms or not. Corticosteroids, oral opioids, and dietary supplements can slow down the degenerative process. Surgery is only an option in limited cases.
- Cavoodle is one of the most popular dog breeds in Australia, however, internationally he is known as Cavadoo, Cavapoo, and Cavadoodle as well as other names.
Former PM Julia Gillard and actor Hugh Jackman own Cavoodles.
Cavoodles do not tolerate extremely hot temperatures and should be kept inside on warm days.
Despite his small size, the Cavoodle makes for an excellent guard dog.
Like some other small breeds, the Cavoodle can be challenging to housetrain.