It goes without saying that a cat’s lifespan is affected by a plethora of factors. Some of the more important factors are breed, lifestyle, sexual activity, diet and exercise and veterinary care.
Thanks to their genetic diversity, mixed cat breeds have a longer lifespan than purebreds. The record for the oldest cat is held by a mixed breed cat named Crème Puff who was born in 1967 and lived for an amazing 38 years. However, certain purebreds can live particularly long lives. For example, the Manx and the Siamese are well-known for their longevity. On the other hand, the Burmese and the Sphynx are not classified as long-lived breeds, but records show that the oldest Burmese cat died at the age of 35 while the oldest Sphynx died at the age of 34.
To be more accurate, the average lifespan of the Birman cat is 16 years, the average lifespan of the Siamese, Burmese and Persian cat is 14 years; the average lifespan of the British Shorthair and Maine Coon is 11-12 years and the average lifespan of the Ragdoll and Abyssinian cat is 10 years.
Generally speaking, indoor cats live between 13 and 17 years, while outdoor cats live between 10 and 14 years. This difference is perfectly normal – outdoor cats are exposed to many dangers such as feral diseases, traffic accidents and other animals’ attacks.
Fixed (spayed or neutered) cats live longer than non-fixed cats because they are not at risk of developing certain health problems such as testicular cancer, uterine infections and breast cancer.
Diet and exercise
Using the right, high-quality and healthy food and in the right amount is crucially important. Implementing a regular exercise regimen is also important. Keep in mind that cat exercise comes in many forms – playtime, leash walking, chasing smaller pets.
Cats that tend to overfeed and do not exercise are more prone to obesity. Obesity is a complex condition that both triggers and aggravates other health issues such as heart and liver problems, diabetes, arthritis, breathing problems and certain types of cancer.
It is no secret that cats hate going to the Vet. However, regular trips to vet ensure prevention of diseases, early diagnosis and improvement of the overall health status.