- Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV)
If infected, it might take years before a cat starts to show signs. The virus attacks their immune system, leaving it very vulnerable to other infections. It is usually recommended that if your cat ever goes outside then it should be vaccinated against FIV. There is no cure for this disease, and treatment is aimed at supporting the cat.
This life-threatening disease is more common in outdoor cats. It’s estimated that 80-90% of infected cats die within 3-4 years of FeLV diagnosis. There is no cure for this disease, and treatment is aimed at supporting them. Cats infected with feline leukaemia often develop:
- Anemia (low red blood cell level)
- Immunosuppression (high risk of developing other diseases and infections)
- Cancer including lymphoma (a tumour of white blood cells) and leukaemia (cancer of the bone marrow).
Chlamydophilia Felis is a bacterial infection that mainly causes conjunctivitis in cats. It is spread through direct contact between cats, and much more commonly found in large groups of cats such as multi-cat households, breeding households and pet shelters. This infection can be successfully treated and clinical signs resolved with appropriate antibiotics. The vaccine is usually only recommended in high-risk situations, such as catteries or breeding colonies with previous problems with this infection.
- Bordetella bronchiseptica
Bordetella bronbchiseptica is a bacterial disease, that can cause upper respiratory disease in cats, and also rarely in humans! In cats, common signs include sneezing, eye and nose discharge, coughing and a fever. It can be successfully treated with antibiotics if necessary. The vaccine may be recommended in some situations when there is a high risk of infection where cats are kept together in large groups such as rescue shelters or breeding households.
- Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP)
FIP is a serious viral disease in cats. The virus spreads throughout the body and can cause a variety of different signs. It can cause an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen (peritonitis) or chest cavity (pleural effusion), inflammation of the brain or eyes, or affect the liver, kidneys, skin or elsewhere in the body! FIP can be very difficult to diagnose and deal with, and once clinical signs start then it is usually incurable and fatal. The vaccine may be beneficial for breeding colonies with a history of FIP infection.
Rabies is a fatal viral disease, that is spread through bites or scratches from another infected animal. Do cats need rabies injection in Australia? – Thankfully Australia is classified as rabies-free. However, if you are considering to move or travel overseas with your kitty, then the rabies vaccine may be recommended or mandatory (depending on where you are travelling to).